Any ideas why only the Latex and dollar math are rendering, and the rest isn’t? I am not sure how to debug this as I am pretty new to Jupyter. (Note: this happens in both Jupyter Notebook as well as Jupyter Lab).
Adding syntax highlighting in CommonMark and GitHub Flavored Markdown is performed via text after backticks without the braces, see examples: CommonMark 142 and GFM 112, but I am not aware of standard syntax other than $ and $$ which would typeset LaTeX in markdown. If you have a reference for such, please do provide!
What you are trying to do appears to be RMarkdown flavour. Unfortunately, contrary to universally accepted flavours, I could not find a formal specification for RMarkdown; it would make it easier to re-use if there was one making it a proper open standard. There are however already three options if you would like to use that format:
Thanks for the replies. Seems like my confusion came from me reading the documentation of Jupyter Book thinking it was Jupyter Notebook. I wonder if there should be some warning on that documentation to disambiguate the two.