Jupyterhub on Kubernetes + Nginx - No spawning after login

Context: Using Terraform I created an EKS cluster on AWS. On that cluster I installed Nginx Ingress using Helm 3. TLS is performed using Let’s Encrypt with cert-manager. Subsequently I can add web exposed applications using deployment, services and ingress yaml files.

Problem: Something that does not work for me is deploying JupyterHub successfully. Installation and exposure work fine, with JupyterHub using the TCP protocol and cert-manager creating the certificates successfully. The problem starts when a user logs in successfully into jupyterhub but a invalid or expired cookie token occurs when jupyterhub is supposed to spawn a notebook.

Question: It is unclear to me why the spawning does not work and how this can be resolved. Does anyone have a suggestion to better understand the issue?

The jupyterhub_config.py is as follows:

c = get_config()
c.JupyterHub.authenticator_class = 'jupyterhub.auth.DummyAuthenticator'
c.Authenticator.allowed_users = {'dummy'}
c.Authenticator.admin_users = {'dummy'}
c.DummyAuthenticator.password = "fakenews"
c.JupyterHub.admin_access = True

The deployment.yaml is as follows:

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
    deployment.kubernetes.io/revision: "1"
  generation: 1
    run: jupyterhub
  name: jupyterhub
  namespace: jhub
  progressDeadlineSeconds: 600
  replicas: 2
  revisionHistoryLimit: 2
      run: jupyterhub
      creationTimestamp: ~
        run: jupyterhub
        - name: jupyterhub
          image: "jupyterhub/jupyterhub:latest"
          imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
              containerPort: 8000
              protocol: TCP
          terminationMessagePolicy: File
              mountPath: /srv/jupyterhub/jupyterhub_config.py
              name: jupyterhub-config
              subPath: jupyterhub_config.py
      dnsPolicy: ClusterFirst
      restartPolicy: Always
      schedulerName: default-scheduler
      securityContext: {}
      terminationGracePeriodSeconds: 30
            name: jupyterhub-config
          name: jupyterhub-config

The ingress.yaml is as follows:

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
  name: ingress-resource
    kubernetes.io/ingress.class: nginx
    cert-manager.io/cluster-issuer: "letsencrypt-prod"
    nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-redirect: "false"
  - hosts:
    - hub.example.com
    secretName: hub-example-com-tls
  - host: hub.example.com
      - path: /
          serviceName: jupyterhub
          servicePort: 8000

The commands used:

$ kubectl create configmap jupyterhub-config --from-file=./jupyterhub_config.py
$ kubectl create -f deployment.yaml
$ kubectl expose deployment jupyterhub
$ kubectl apply -f ingress.yaml

This results in a successful secure deployment web service on https://hub.example.com. But after logging in, the jupyterhub container log gives an invalid or expired cookie token when trying to spawn a jupyter instance.

[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.725 JupyterHub app:2307] Running JupyterHub version 1.2.0dev
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.726 JupyterHub app:2338] Using Authenticator: jupyterhub.auth.DummyAuthenticator-1.2.0dev
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.726 JupyterHub app:2338] Using Spawner: jupyterhub.spawner.LocalProcessSpawner-1.2.0dev
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.726 JupyterHub app:2338] Using Proxy: jupyterhub.proxy.ConfigurableHTTPProxy-1.2.0dev
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.735 JupyterHub app:1442] Writing cookie_secret to /srv/jupyterhub/jupyterhub_cookie_secret
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.752 alembic.runtime.migration migration:155] Context impl SQLiteImpl.
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.752 alembic.runtime.migration migration:162] Will assume non-transactional DDL.
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.758 alembic.runtime.migration migration:515] Running stamp_revision  -> 4dc2d5a8c53c
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.809 JupyterHub proxy:461] Generating new CONFIGPROXY_AUTH_TOKEN
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.850 JupyterHub app:2377] Initialized 0 spawners in 0.002 seconds
[W 2020-08-21 08:26:42.853 JupyterHub proxy:643] Running JupyterHub without SSL.  I hope there is SSL termination happening somewhere else...
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:42.853 JupyterHub proxy:646] Starting proxy @ http://:8000 08:26:43.359 [ConfigProxy] info: Proxying http://*:8000 to (no default) 08:26:43.362 [ConfigProxy] info: Proxy API at
08:26:43.474 [ConfigProxy] info: 200 GET /api/routes 
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:43.475 JupyterHub app:2622] Hub API listening on
08:26:43.476 [ConfigProxy] info: 200 GET /api/routes 
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:43.476 JupyterHub proxy:320] Checking routes
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:43.476 JupyterHub proxy:400] Adding default route for Hub: / =>
08:26:43.478 [ConfigProxy] info: Adding route / ->
08:26:43.478 [ConfigProxy] info: Route added / ->
08:26:43.478 [ConfigProxy] info: 201 POST /api/routes/ 
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:43.479 JupyterHub app:2697] JupyterHub is now running at http://:8000
[I 2020-08-21 08:26:56.023 JupyterHub log:181] 302 GET /hub/ -> /hub/login (@ 1.16ms
[I 2020-08-21 08:27:01.409 JupyterHub base:742] User logged in: dummy
[I 2020-08-21 08:27:01.429 JupyterHub log:181] 302 POST /hub/login?next= -> /hub/spawn (dummy@ 68.74ms
[I 2020-08-21 08:27:01.758 JupyterHub log:181] 200 GET /hub/login?next=%2Fhub%2Fspawn (@ 219.05ms
08:31:43.482 [ConfigProxy] info: 200 GET /api/routes 
[I 2020-08-21 08:31:43.482 JupyterHub proxy:320] Checking routes
[I 2020-08-21 12:06:43.482 JupyterHub proxy:320] Checking routes
[I 2020-08-21 12:07:08.386 JupyterHub log:181] 200 GET /hub/login?next=%2Fhub%2Fspawn (@ 1.85ms
[I 2020-08-21 12:07:13.216 JupyterHub base:742] User logged in: dummy
[I 2020-08-21 12:07:13.217 JupyterHub log:181] 302 POST /hub/login?next=%2Fhub%2Fspawn -> /hub/spawn (dummy@ 5.40ms
[I 2020-08-21 12:07:13.309 JupyterHub log:181] 200 GET /hub/login?next=%2Fhub%2Fspawn (@ 1.22ms
[I 2020-08-21 13:27:28.324 JupyterHub log:181] 302 GET / -> /hub/ (@ 0.90ms 
[I 2020-08-21 13:27:28.410 JupyterHub log:181] 200 GET /hub/login (@ 1.28ms 
[W 2020-08-21 13:27:34.613 JupyterHub base:392] Invalid or expired cookie token 
[I 2020-08-21 13:27:34.615 JupyterHub log:181] 302 GET /hub/spawn -> /hub/login?next=%2Fhub%2Fspawn (@ 1.88ms

Do you have proxy.secretToken in your JupyterHub configuration file? I’m not seeing one. It’s the first thing listed in the Zero-to-JupyterHub-K8s docs: https://zero-to-jupyterhub.readthedocs.io/en/latest/setup-jupyterhub/setup-jupyterhub.html#prepare-configuration-file

I just tried this by adding c.ConfigurableHTTPProxy.auth_token to my jupyterhub_config.py, recreated jupyterhub and reinstalled nginx-ingress. This did not make any difference, it still gives an Invalid or expired cookie token. Is this the correct method? Thanks for trying to assist!

1 Like

The solution was to put the number of replicas on 1 instead of 2 :+1:. Stackoverflow saved me on this one. Thanks for assisting @salvis2!

1 Like

Yay! Glad you figured it out. Would you mind linking the Stack Overflow solution you found?

This is the Stack Overflow Post.
Is there not a different method possible for verifying the token, such as working with a secret key that is identical on both replicas where the token is verified against? This would make it scalable.

1 Like

Oh I see! You posted the same question on Stack Overflow. I thought it was a different but related question.

I’m not sure about different solutions, I was just curious about other parts of the solution, if there were any.